In the digital age, the pursuit and enforcement of intellectual property rights face new challenges, particularly with the emergence of IT-related and computer-implemented solutions. While interfaces can be officially registered as industrial designs, devices, methods, and systems can be protected through patents. Additionally, computer programs and databases, despite being safeguarded by copyright, can also be eligible for registration. This includes program codes for computers and mobile applications, website codes, and databases, which are classified as literary works and enjoy copyright protection for the lifetime of the author plus an additional 70 years.
Certain IT solutions may qualify as computer-implemented inventions and be eligible for patent protection if they possess distinctive features that address specific technical problems or exhibit specific technical effects.